The idea of an Anschluss was first aired by Austria itself in 1919, in the aftermath of the First World War. This catastrophic confrontation between Germany and her neighbours resulted in the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire which had existed since 1867. Many German-speaking Austrians were keen to develop a political union with the defeated German state, but this dream was to be dashed by the post-war members of the Treaty of Versailles, who were naturally wary of allowing any expansion of Germany after four years of war.…

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